Les loups du nord-est pris dans le jeu des noms
|The Mexican gray wolf is one of the five subspecies of the gray wolf (Canis lupus) recognized in North America|
Il existe trois espèces de loups dans le monde : le loup gris (Canis lupus), le loup rouge (Canis roux), et le loup éthiopien (Canis simensis) sometimes referred to as the Abyssinian wolf. Scientists debate whether the Ethiopian wolf is a true wolf or a member of the jackal family (Canis doré). It’s not uncommon for debate to surround the classification or status of a species, in fact several scientists argue about the designation of wolves here in North America. For years, most scientists have recognized that there are five subspecies of the gray wolf (Canis lupus)in North America.
– Canis lupus baileyi – le loup mexicain ou lobo.
– Canis lupus nubilus – le loup des Grandes Plaines ou bison.
– Canis lupus occidentalis – le loup canadien ou loup des Rocheuses.
– Canis lupus arctos – le loup arctique
– Canis lupus lycaon – le loup oriental ou algonquin.
Some researchers, however, have presented clues that Canis lupus lycaon, le loup des bois de l'Est, peut être une espèce distincte, Canis lycaon, and with growing evidence suggesting that gray wolves are attempting to naturally re-colonize the Northeastern U.S. from neighboring populations in Canada, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is seeking information for a status review for this newly-recognized species. If Canis lycaon is accepted as a distinct species, what will it’s status be under the Endangered Species Act? For this status review to be complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, USFWS is seeking input from governmental agencies, Native American tribes, the scientific community, industry, and any other interested parties prior to a June 8th hearing in Augusta, ME.
Regardless of what we name the wolves of the northeast, management plans need to be established to ensure that this mysterious predator receives the protection that its future depends upon. Please visit the Coalition des loups du Maine, Coalition for the Eastern Wolf (Crew), et WolfWatcher’s facebook page for additional resources.