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Mexican Gray Wolf Recovery: A Comprehensive Update for Q2 2023

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The Mexican Wolf Recovery Program is making significant strides towards the conservation and management of Mexican wolves in Arizona, New Mexico, and neighboring regions. With collaboration between various agencies, including organizations like the Wolf Conservation Center, the program has made several big strides in helping endangered lobos, though we haven’t always perfectly agreed with every decision they make. Let’s take a look at some of the latest information from Q2 of 2023 and see how Mexican wolves have been faring thus far this year.

Population Growth and Genetic Diversity

The wild population of Mexican wolves has reached an encouraging figure of 241, representing a 23% increase from last year. This growth is more than a statistical improvement; it symbolizes the resilience and potential recovery of a species once on the brink of extinction. However, this success brings with it a concern: maintaining genetic diversity. To counter the dangers of inbreeding and genetic stagnation, collaborative breeding programs and controlled releases are being implemented. Partnerships with zoological institutions and cross-border collaborations are opening new opportunities for enhancing genetic diversity, a crucial aspect of long-term survival.

As you know, several of the WCC’s wolf pups were cross-fostered earlier this year, a process recently covered by an interesting CBS News story featuring WCC Curator Rebecca Bose below:

Collaboration with Colorado and International Partners

With the presence of northern gray wolves from Colorado’s restoration program being reintroduced by the end of the year, collaborative efforts with Colorado Parks and Wildlife are underway. The potential impact of northern wolf genetics on the Mexican wolf genome requires careful management, and this collaboration is a vital part of that process.

In the past, we’ve mentioned a desire to see lobos extend into Southern Colorado, and many leading scientists don’t think cross-breeding would be as much of a disaster as many think, but for now, it seems like these conversations are only in the very beginning stages and will continue to develop in the coming years.

Understanding Wolf Pack Dynamics

With advancements in tracking technologies, scientists are uncovering the intricate social structures of the Mexican wolf. Observing pack dynamics, mating rituals, and nurturing behaviors provides invaluable insights into creating environments where wolves can thrive. Such understanding is changing the management and reintroduction methods in regions like Arizona, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, and New Mexico. The goal is to replicate natural ecosystems that cater to the wolves’ instinctive behaviors, thereby increasing the chances of successful reintroduction and integration.

Mortalities, Incidents, and Human-Wolf Coexistence

The 12 mortalities last year are the lowest annual total since 2017. Six mortalities were reported this quarter, bringing the 2023 total up to 12 through 6 months. The mortalities reported this quarter highlight the delicate balance between wolf populations and human communities. These incidents are not just tragic; they’re learning experiences, encouraging more in-depth studies and community education about living with wolves. Outreach programs, wildlife seminars, and community engagement are part of an ongoing effort to foster a respectful and harmonious coexistence.

At the WCC, we’re continuing to try to educate the public about the value of wolves and clear up misunderstandings that have led to their history of persecution. If you’d like to join us in that mission, consider donating or signing up for our newsletter aujourd'hui.

Legal Protections and Public Engagement

Laws and rewards are more than mere regulations; they are social contracts to protect the Mexican wolf. The role of public engagement in upholding these protections is paramount. Citizen reporting, public seminars, and educational initiatives are channels through which everyone can contribute. A substantial reward of up to $37,000 is being offered for information leading to the conviction of individuals responsible for the unlawful killing of Mexican wolves.

One loophole that is often used is “mistaken identity” because it’s still legal to shoot coyotes in the region, despite our group and others pushing petitions that change that law.


The success of the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program is a testament to the power of scientific innovation, collaboration, understanding, and public engagement. However, it’s a continuous journey, and challenges remain. The road to recovery is multifaceted, requiring both diligence and creativity. Stay connected, stay informed, and join us in this inspiring journey towards securing a brighter future for the Mexican wolf.