Promoting wolf conservation since 1999

Wolf Communication: Research/Scientific Articles

» Disentangling canid howls across multiple species and subspecies: Structure in a complex communication channel; (Kershenbaum et al), 2016.

» Wolf howling is mediated by relationship quality rather than underlying emotional stress; Current Biology, (Mazzini et al), 2013.

» A Comparison of Facial Color Pattern and Gazing Behavior in Canid Species Suggests Gaze Communication in Gray Wolves (Canis lupus); PLoS One, (Ueda et al), 2014.