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Promoting wolf conservation since 1999

Did You Know?

A wolf's territory can cover anywhere between 50 sq. miles and thousands of sq. miles.

WILD WOLF POPULATION IN THE UNITED STATES

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Wild wolf population in the united states

Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) were once among the most widely distributed wild mammals. They inhabited most of the available land in the northern hemisphere. Due to the destruction of their habitat and persecution by humans, they now occupy only about two-thirds of their former range worldwide, and about 10 percent of their historic range in the continental 48 United States. Gray wolf populations according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: 

 

Western Great Lake States

» Minnesota: 2,655 (Sept. 2018); Status: Federal protection reinstated via court order December 2014. More information.

» Wisconsin: 905-944 (June 2018); Status: Federal protection reinstated via court order December 2014. More information.

» Michigan: 662 (June 2018); Status: Federal protection reinstated via court order December 2014. More information.

» Isle Royale National Park: 2 (updated September 2018); Status: Federal protection reinstated via court order December 2014. More informationMarch 16, 2018 -  the National Park Service released its September 21, 2018 - The National Park Service outlined how it intends to bring six to eight wolves from the mainland to Isle Royale National Park. Four of the incoming wolves will be from northeast Minnesota and two other wolves will come from Michigan's Upper Peninsula. It's the first phase of a three-year plan to bring 20 to 30 wolves from the mainland to Isle Royale. September 26, 2018 - Two gray wolves were captured in the Grand Portage Indian Reservation in Minnesota to be released to the island. Two days later, NPS reveals that the female wolf captured with the intent to be released died before she could be set free.

 

Northern Rocky Mountain States

» Idaho: 786 (2016); Status: Population state managed. Idaho’s wolf management plan includes an annual harvest season. More information.

» Montana: 633 (2018); Status: Population state managed. Montana's wolf management plan includes an annual harvest season. More information.

» Wyoming: 347 (Apr. 2018); Status: Population state managed. (Federal appeals court upheld the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s 2012 decision to remove gray wolves in Wyoming from the endangered species list -March 2017) More information.

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Pacific Northwest

» California: As many as 3 (at times) (2017); Status: federally protected. More information.

» Oregon: 124 (Apr. 2018); Status: Wolves throughout Oregon were delisted from the state Endangered Species Act (ESA) on November 9, 2015. Wolves remain federally protected in the western portion of the state (west of Hwys 395-78-95). More information.

» Washington: 122 (Mar. 2018) up from 115 in from previous year; Status: State/tribe managed in the eastern third of the state. Federally protected in the western portion. More information.

 

Southwest (Mexican gray wolves)

» Arizona: 63 (via end of year survey in 2017); Status: federally protected with exceptions as a nonessential experimental population.

» New Mexico: 51 (via end of year survey in 2017); Status: federally protected with exceptions as a nonessential experimental population. Fact Sheet re: 2015 Final Rule courtesy USFWS.

» U.S. Fish and Wildlife’s Mexican Wolf Recovery Reports.

» More information.

 

Alaska

» Alaska: 7,700 - 11,200 (2017); Status: Population state managed as both a big game animal and a furbearer, management includes intensive predator control programs. More information.

 

SouthEast (red wolves)

» North Carolina: 24 known (2018); Status: federally protected with exceptions as a nonessential experimental population. More information.

» Learn about the ongoing Review and Evaluation of the Red Wolf Recovery Program.

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